A tubal ligation — also known as having your tubes tied or tubal sterilization — is a type of permanent birth control. During a tubal ligation, the fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy. A tubal ligation disrupts the movement of the egg to the uterus for fertilization and blocks sperm from traveling up the fallopian tubes to the egg. A tubal ligation doesn’t affect your menstrual cycle.
Essure and Adiana Permanent Contraception are, safe, minimally invasive procedures that permanently prevent pregnancy. They both work by stimulating your body’s own tissue to grow in and around tiny inserts that are placed inside your fallopian tubes. These procedures use a small telescope placed into the uterus through the vagina. There are no incisions made. These gentle procedures can be performed in a doctor’s office in less than 10 minutes and require minimal anesthesia. For more information on Essure, click here, and for more information on Adiana, click here.
A tubal ligation can be done at any time, including after childbirth or in combination with another abdominal surgical procedure, such as a C-section. It’s possible to reverse a tubal ligation — but reversal requires major surgery and isn’t always effective.